Which are the tallest dog breeds in the world?
If you're interested in which is the tallest dog breed, there one clear answer, according to the American Kennel Club. BUT there are several other breeds that come close, and a few more that should be mentioned; Because sometimes an individual dog of a slightly smaller breed may grow well above the average height for that breed.
So, let's look at the top breeds that most authorities agree are among the candidates for the tallest dog breed. Remember, this list is all about height, not weight. We have used the American Kennel Club and National Breed associations as our main resources. All the breeds listed here are over 30 inches tall at the withers (shoulder blade). When you add on the neck and head, these breeds will be over 3 feet high at the top of the head!
Height; Minimum 32 inches, but typically 35 inches +.
The AKC say that this is the tallest dog breed on their list of recognized breeds. The Irish Wolfhound that we see today is actually a relatively recent breed, based on descriptions of the ancient great dogs of Ireland, used for hunting Irish Elk. The ancient dogs were simply called "The Great Dog of Ireland" or even "The Irish Hunting Hound".
When the numbers of Irish Elk were in decline, and wolves started to become a problem in rural Ireland, the hunting dogs had a change of job. They were used to chase and bring down a wolf in one-to-one combat. The Irish Wolfhound was so fast, strong and brave that they eliminated the wolf problem relatively quickly. Then came the World Wars, and numbers plummeted.
The breed was re-invented after the World Wars by collecting a few outstanding specimens remaining on outlying farms, and breeding them to increase their size. It is thought that the Scottish Deerhound was used in this breeding program. It was at this time that the breed was given the modern name of "Irish Wolfhound". Recent DNA analysis has shown that the breeding was successful in re-creating the size of the ancient Great Dog of Ireland.
Height; Minimum 30 inches, but typically 32+ inches.
Although, as a breed, the Great Dane is usually slightly less tall than the Irish Wolfhound at the withers, the World Record for Tallest Dog is actually held by a Great Dane, called Zeus, who stood at a massive 44 inches. Sadly Zeus passed away in 2014 at a relatively young age.
Also, the Great Dane has a longer neck and more massive head than the Irish Wolfhound, so the top of it's head may be higher. But dog height is traditionally measured at the withers, not the top of the head, and so the Wolfhound breed comes in as the tallest dog breed on the AKC list.
Height; 30 inches minimum, typically 32 inches.
The Deerhound helped the old Scottish Highlands clans in hunting the massive Scottish Red Deer, weighing over 400lbs and armed with fearsome horns. The dogs had to be fast, and cover rough, uneven ground in wet conditions.
Nowadays they are calm and docile animals, but still with a strong tendency to chase anything that is moving. They are not quite as tall as the Irish Wolfhound, nor as heavy. The breed was registered with the AKC in 1886 - the 33rd breed to be recognized.
Height; 31 inches.
Weighing in at up to 200lbs, this breed is heavy as well as tall. The Leonberger was developed in the 19th Century by Heinrich Essig, to be an impressive and imposing companion dog for the wealthy and famous. Starting with Newfoundland and Saint Bernard breed stock, he succeeded in creating a popular dog that was widely admired.
Famous owners include Napoleon III, Tsar Alexander II, The Prince of Wales, Richard Wagner and Rachmaninoff.
The size and power of the breed combined with it's good nature resulted in it being adopted later as a working dog, on farms and in water. They are excellent swimmers, a result of their Newfoundland ancestry.
Height; 32 inches
Bred to work with shepherds in the Pyrenean Mountain range separating France and Spain, the Great Pyrenees is a calm and confident breed, frequently weighing over 100 lbs. They had to defend their flocks against wolves and human predators, and be able to withstand the cold of the mountains.
Although capable of bursts of speed and energy, they usually amble around at a slow pace in a regal and dignified manner. The breed was adopted by King Louis XIV as the Royal Dog of France, after they proved to be effective guard dogs on the royal estates.
Height; 32 - 34 inches
Although recognized by the Turkish Kennel Club, and not the AKC, I felt I had to include the Akbash in this list. This is a traditional livestock guardian dog breed which frequently reaches 32 inches at the withers.
They were bred to be suspicious of strangers, and may be overly protective if they have not been socialized properly.
Height; 31 inches - 32 inches.
Also originating in Turkey, like the Akbash, the Kangal is listed by the AKC under the name 'Anatolian Shepherd dog'. At 32 inches tall it deserves a place on this list. Unlike the Akbash which is almost pure white, the Kangal is fawn in color. Also unlike the Akbash, the Kangal is calm and makes for a good family dog.
Height; 31 inches +
The Neapolitan Mastiff is a very old breed, tracing its roots back to 700BC and beyond. In Roman times they were used in battle, in the gladiator arena, and as guard dogs. The most notable feature apart from its size is the loose folds of skin around the head and eyes, giving the breed a rather fearsome expression.
However, looks can be deceiving, and the modern breed is now calm and gentle. They will defend their home and 'family' if needed, but they are not innately nervous, edgy nor aggressive. Like other big mastiff breeds, they tend to drool and pass gas regularly.
Height; 30+ inches. (AKC)
The Saint Bernard was developed by monks in the Swiss alps to help rescue travelers who had become trapped or snow-bound. The breed is famous for being calm and gentle, especially around children. They are no longer used for alpine rescue, the last time being in 1955, and have become a favorite as a family pet.
Height; 30 inches +
Mastiff type dogs have been around for a long time. The modern-day Mastiff listed by the AKC is also known as the English Mastiff. This style of mastiff came into being in medieval England, and were used by the English soldiers against the French at the Battle of Agincourt in 1415.
Height; 30 inches
The result of a breeding program established in 1930, 'Red Star Kennel', with the aim of producing a dog for Russian military duties. As many as 17 different breeds were involved, including the Airedale Terrier, Newfoundland and Rottweiler. It has been used as a border guard, a prison camp guard and for patrolling military installations.
The reduced need for guard dogs after the end of the 1950's resulted in the breed being introduced to the Russian public, where it has become very popular. In 1981 the Black Russian Terrier was recognized officially as a breed by the Soviet Ministry of Agriculture. In 2004 it was listed by the AKC.
Standing at up to 30 inches at the withers, the BRT actually looks bigger due to it's relatively large head. Despite the name, the breed is only about 15% terrier.
Height; 30 inches
A livestock guardian breed from Hungary, although the origins of the dog are thought to go back to ancient Turkey and Tibet. They were mainly employed to guard flocks of sheep from wolves and human bandits.
The loyalty and bravery of the Kuvasz came to the attention of Hungarian nobles, who used them as guards for their estates, and on hunting expeditions. The breed was recognized by the AKC in 1931.
Tallest Dog Breeds
No doubt, there may be a few breeds that I have missed at around the 30 inch mark. Please let me know via the Contact Me link if you think I should add a particular breed. Thank you!
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