What does Made in America mean to you?
American dog breeds are made in America, usually the USA.
If you are a citizen of the United States, that statement (Made in America) is likely to conjure up feelings of national pride.
Elsewhere in the world…well, not so much.
We don't think about dog breeds as being made, created, produced or built like a piece of clothing or technology, but like most everything on earth these days, some person or group of people had a big hand in their creation.
American dog breeds can be anything from those produced in the 16th century by early settlers and pioneers to those, whose breed profile is just now being written into the record.
They may even be primitive breeds that existed with Native American tribes from the dawn of modern history.
Do they have anything in common? Well, Yes and No.
All of the American Dog Breeds were at one time or another developed in the U.S. with the assistance of breeds found elsewhere in the world.
Like breeds across the globe, they were designed for a purpose whether it was to create a breed that was better at doing a job or task or simply the brainchild of a breeder hoping to make a more affectionate, more hypoallergenic, more trainable lap dog.
Then, there are those breeds that are ancient in origin and may have reached the Americas over the Bering land bridge during the last Ice Age. These early dogs no doubt traveled with their human counterparts anywhere between 35,000 and 12,000 years ago.
Slowly, these people eventually became the tribes we know as American Indians or Native Americans. Their dogs followed and performed duties such as hunting and retrieving, guarding livestock, serving as pack animals, hauling large containers of possessions over rugged terrain or were sacrificed as food for starving humans.
No doubt, dogs became the first domesticated animals of the new tribes of Native Americans as well as throughout the entire world.
Just like in all other countries around the world, people saw a need that could conceivably be filled by the work of a dog, and then began a program that would create the perfect candidate for doing that job.
Perhaps the specialized terrain needed a shepherd or sheepdog that could work the flocks better than a European dog.
Maybe 19th century urban dwellers needed a terrier that was better at catching the American type rats than those they currently had on hand.
AND, sadly there were those who wanted a fighting dog capable of making their owners rich.
Both noble and decent folks created dogs alongside those that were in it just to exploit and harm the dogs they created.
By the 20th century, there was a need and desire to find dog breeds that would become companions—they may be breeds that were once used for other purposes but now they could be incorporated into a society that craved canine companionship—the four legged substitute for a child that they could cuddle, pamper, and love.
AND, these dogs would love them back unconditionally.
Today, we look back and see that these American-made breeds were developed by people all over the country, from the Appalachian Mountains and New England and Alaska, to the heartlands of the US and the great southwestern states.
Wherever there are breeders, there are people who dream of creating a dog that is the ultimate hunter, cart puller, companion, or guardian.
So who are these “Made in
America” dog breeds? I searched high and
low to find some breeds that were truly created in the U.S. and this is the
list that I’ve accumulated. Some (many)
are not registered with any breed or kennel club even the ones that are located
in the U.S. Others have been around so
long that they have developed a reputation and popularity throughout the
First, the breeds that are known worldwide and are registered by at least one national kennel club
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This thick (911 page) reference manual contains all the breeds that are currently recognized by the AKC including all the newer ones that are listed in the Foundation Stock Services.
Not all of the breeds on this page, however are listed with the AKC.
This is an excellent reference for not only breed information but also health care, training and behavior and daily care. A great addition to your dog library.
The breeds listed in this book not only include those registered with AKC, but also rarer breeds recognized by UKC or not recognized by any kennel club.
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