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List of Dog Breeds:  Do You Know Your Breed Groups

What's more important than a list of dog breeds?  Simply a long, long list of all the world's dog breeds might overwhelm even the most dog savvy.  For the average person looking for a new four-legged pal, there's a little more to know than simple names.

Scientists have classified every living creature into groups and given them a name such as Canis lupus familiaris (latin for dog), dog breeds are further divided into groups by the major kennel clubs of the world.

These groups of dogs tell us much about a member's good and bad personality traits, habits, and most importantly, whether the dog would be compatible with us.

Whether you register your dog with a national kennel club or not, it is good to understand how your breed is grouped or classified. 

Groupings tell much about dog breeds and some of the qualities, such as what we may call "behavioral problems" of your dog can be explained based on its grouping.

All countries involved with dogs have national breed clubs that are stand-alone organizations or ones that are members of the Federation Cynologique Internationale (FCI).

In this article (Mini Book) I am going to cover the following:

Not Just a List of Dog Breeds...

Understanding How the World Classifies Dogs

Classification of Dog Breeds InfographicClassifying Dog Breeds

All organizations may group dog breeds differently and many have different group names. 

People have a need to classify and find patterns within their world.  Over the centuries, people have divided dogs into categories’ based on their purpose or job. 

Each dog registry uses its own name to classify a group of dogs. 

Many dogs are placed in the “Toy” category or group because they are small. 

The American Kennel Club, The Australian National Kennel Club, Canadian Kennel Club, and the New Zealand Kennel Club all have adopted the term, Toys to describe small breed dogs. 

The United Kennel Club uses the term Companion to group similar breeds.

Likewise, you may see breeds categorized as Guardians or Working Dogs depending on the registration organization.

If you live in the United States, your breed will be registered with the American Kennel Club.  A Labrador retriever, for example, would be classified in the Sporting Dog breeds in the U.S., but as a gun dog in the UK. 

Herding and Pastoral dogs are generally the same, but a resident of the U.S. would see their Rough coated collie placed in the Herding group, whereas a citizen of London, who owned a collie, would see their dog placed in the Pastoral group.

If you think this is complicated, consider a U.S. citizen who wishes to register a dog.  Suppose his breed is Pomeranian.  Does he register with the AKC in the Toy Group or with the UKC (United Kennel Club), another American Registry as a Northern Breed?

Regardless of where you live, the breeds that are recognized by your kennel club will be grouped based on characteristics. 

Knowing where your dog breed is classified helps you determine much about his original purpose and many breed characteristics. 

The American Kennel Club divides dogs into seven groupings:  Terriers, Toys, Working, Non-Sporting, Sporting, Hounds, and Herding.  Let’s look at each cluster separately.


The Terrier Group

Terrier GroupList of Dog Breeds: Terriers

Terriers are an easy group to begin with because most countries in the English Speaking world use the same term.  They are small to medium sized dogs that were originally bred to rid the world of vermin. 

Most terriers have either prick ears or dropped ears and come in a broad range of colors.  Their hair coats can be wiry, but many have soft, not shedding coats. 

Most terriers can be identified as belonging to this group based on their name:  Cairn Terriers, Irish Terriers, Scottish Terriers, West Highland White Terriers are part of this classification. 

Yorkshire Terriers, however, are not part of the terrier group, even though their name suggests otherwise.  Yorkies are classified as Toys.

Terriers can be described as busy, feisty, and active.  They prefer to be part of the action and have a real zest for life. 

They make awesome family pets for people who do not keep small pocket pets such as hamsters or gerbils.  Terriers look at these smaller mammals as vermin that must be eliminated. 

Terriers are smart, affectionate, and vocal making them great watch dogs.  Most do best as an only child because some have difficulty getting along with other dogs.

Terriers do best in families with active children, or with singles or couples that thrive on the energy that these dogs exude.



List of Dog Breeds:  The Terriers

Airedale Terrier

American Hairless Terrier

American Staffordshire Terrier

Australian Terrier

Bedlington Terrier

Border Terrier

Bull Terrier

Cairn Terrier

Cesky Terrier

Dandie Dinmont Terrier

Glen of Imaal Terrier

Irish Terrier

Kerry Blue Terrier

Lakeland Terrier

Manchester Terrier

Miniature Bull Terrier

Miniature Schnauzer

Norfolk Terrier

Norwich Terrier

Parson Russell Terrier

Rat Terrier

Russell Terrier

Scottish Terrier

Sealyham Terrier

Skye Terrier

Smooth Fox Terrier

Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier

Staffordshire BVull Terrier

Welsh Terrier

West Highland White Terrier

Wire Fox Terrier


The Toy Group

Toy GroupList of Dog Breeds: Toys

Toys are generally small dogs under 20 pounds (9.0 kg) that make exceptional companions.  Most have been developed for centuries with one purpose in mind—to assure their owners are never without companionship. 

They are classified in this group because of their size, but as a group they can be quite different from each other.  

Take the Pomeranian, for example, they can trace their origins to Spitz-type dogs or Sled Dogs.  The Yorkshire Terrier has been bred down in size from a much larger Terrier type dog.

Many toys make great lap dogs, but not all.  Characteristics that seem to set Toys apart from other dogs besides their small size includes stubbornness, watchdog ability due to their vocal tendencies and affection. 

They are all people oriented and often suffer from separation anxiety if left alone too long. 

They also tend to underestimate their size and tend to take control making owners wonder who is really in control.

Small Dog Syndrome refers to a collection of problems originating in small breed dogs who tend to consider themselves the Alpha Dog regardless of size.  Difficulty housebreaking is an issue in the toy breeds.

These dogs are loving, cuddly, spunky and playful.  They are devoted to their owners and their own job in life is to please their owner.

List of Dog Breeds:  The Toys

Affenpinscher

Brussels Griffon

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Chihuahua

Chinese Crested

English Toy Spaniel

Havanese

Italian Greyhound

Japanese Chin

Maltese

Manchester Terrier (Toy)

Miniature Pinscher

Papillon

Pekingese

Pomeranian

Poodle (Toy)

Pug

Shih Tzu

Silky Terrier

Toy Fox Terrier

Yorkshire Terrier


The Working Group

Working GroupList of Dog Breeds: Working Dogs

These working dogs are the large, sturdy breeds that have a job to do.  Whether it is guarding property, pulling sleds, or serving in the military, working dogs are not content unless they have a job to do. 

These dogs are not couch potatoes, but rather need much exercise.  Intelligent, Independent, protective, and loyal, these dogs make excellent family pets if their owners are experienced and willing to take the time to socialize and train. 

These are the dogs that serve as assistance dogs, police dogs and in search and rescue.  They are alert, courageous, hardy, self-confident and dominant.

List of Dog Breeds:  Workers

Akita

Alaskan Malamute

Anatolian Shepherd Dog

Bernese Mountain Dog

Black Russian Terrier

Boerboel

Boxer

Bullmastiff

Cane Corso

Chinook

Doberman Pinscher

Dogo Argentino

Dogue de Bordeaux

German Pinscher

Giant Schnauzer

Great Dane

Great Pyrenees

Greater Swiss Mountain Dog

Komondor

Kuvasz

Leonberger

Mastiff

Neapolitan Mastiff

Newfoundland

Portuguese Water Dog

Rottweiler

Saint Bernard

Samoyed

Siberian Husky

Standard Schnauzer

Tibetan Mastiff

Gov. Andrew Cuomo signed legislation that names the “working dog” as the official New York state dog in 2015.


Non-Sporting Group

Non-Sporting GroupList of Dog Breeds: Non-Sporting

This is a catch-all grouping for all of those dogs that don’t seem to fit into the other classifications.  They were developed for many reasons and share few characteristics in common. 

What we can say is they aren’t working dogs, sporting dogs, terrier dogs, or herding dogs.  Most are too big to be considered toys.

This group is unique.  Size-wise, they range from the small Tibetan spaniel to the big Standard Poodle and everything in between. 

Some have long coats, others have short coats; some love everyone and others reserve their love for their owner.

They don’t even have much in the way of looks in common. Consider the wrinkled appearance of the Shar Pei to the sleek, smooth Dalmatian to the curly look of the Standard Poodle. 

If classified in another kennel club, you might find these dogs listed as Northern Breeds or Companions. 

List of Dog Breeds:  Non-Sporting Dogs

American Eskimo Dog

Bichon Frise

Boston Terrier

Bulldog

Chinese Shar Pei

Chow Chow

Coton de Tulear

Dalmatian

Finish Spitz

French bulldog

Keeshond

Lhasa apso

Lowchen

Norwegian Lunderhund

Poodles (Miniature and Standard)

Schipperke

Shiba Inu

Tibetan Spaniel

Tibetan Terrier

Xoloitzcuintli


Sporting Group

Sporting BreedsList of Dog Breeds: Sporting Group

If you are an active person, a sporting dog might be just right for you.  They are generally larger breed dogs but some like the Spaniels are smaller.  This is a diverse group of dogs but each type excels at a particular job.

Spaniels flush out birds into the air, retrievers carry back the dead birds to the hunter,  and pointers assume a position that points towards the game.  They come in many different colors but most have the drop ears. 

They make great pets but need owners willing to provide enough exercise to meet their high activity demands.  As a rule, they are known to be vocal, but likable.  Most are remarkably intelligent and will make excellent family pets. 

Sturdy and athletic, sporting breeds are known to get along well with children and other dogs.

Some shed profusely, others require professional grooming.  Some have that characteristic doggie smell that may be unpleasant to some people.

List of Dog Breeds:  Sporting Dogs

American Water Spaniel

Boykin Spaniel

Brittany

Chesapeake Bay Retriever

Clumber Spaniel

Cocker Spaniel

Curly Coated Retriever

English Cocker Spaniel

English Setter

English Springer Spaniel

Field Spaniel

Flat Coated Retriever

German Shorthaired Pointer

German Wirehaired Pointer

Golden Retriever

Gordon Setter

Irish Red and White Setter

Irish Setter

Irish Water Spaniel

Labrador Retriever

Lagotto Romagnolo

Nederlandse Kooikerhondje (Miscellaneous)

Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever

Pointer

Spinone Italiano

Sussex Spaniel

Vizsla

Weimaraner

Welsh Springer Spaniel

Wirehaired Pointing Griffon

Wirehaired Vizsla


The Hound Group

Hound GroupList of Dog Breeds: Hound Group

Hound dogs have been developed throughout the world to do one of two jobs: See or Smell.  Some talented breeds have developed the ability to do both.  Those dogs that have an extraordinary sense of smell are classified as scenthounds.  Sighthounds, on the other hand, can hunt based on an instinct that allows them to see movement and then take off after their prey.

Scenthounds

Scenthounds have several things in common.  They have long droopy ears, large nasal cavities, loose wet lips that often drool, and bark that is hard to ignore.  They are not fast runners like their cousins the scenthounds.  They can follow their prey simply by keeping their noses to the ground.  They come in several sizes, but most are medium to large breed dogs.  They come in different colors, but most are some shade of brown or tan.

Scenthounds include the bloodhounds, beagles, coonhounds, dachshunds, foxhounds, harriers, Petit Basset Griffon Vendeens and the Otterhounds.

As a group, they can be hard to train because they are stubborn.  Most find them charming pets because they are just plain fun.  They are amusing, intelligent, and very loyal.  They generally get along with children and other dogs.  As long as you don’t mind the drool and don’t require instant training success, this group of dogs make excellent pets.

Sighthounds

Sighthounds are the sprinters in the dog world.  Some are so fast that they would win every race with a human.  Greyhounds, for example, have been clocked at 40 mph (64 kph).  They can take off after anything that resembles prey so secure fenced in yards are a must for most sighthounds.  They also do not do well around small pets (mice, hamsters, gerbils, and so forth) because they see them as prey. 

This group is diverse in size from tiny to giant.  Colors vary but are mostly shades of brown and tan.  Most have very short coats and little grooming requirements.  The sighthounds include the Whippets, Italian Greyhounds, Pharoh Hounds, Basenjis, Borzois, Irish Wolfhounds, Lurchers, Salukis and Scottish Deerhounds.

List of Dog Breeds:  The Hounds

Afgan Hound

American English Coonhound

American Foxhound

Azawakh (Miscellaneous)

Basenji

Basset Hound

Beagle

Black and Tan Coonhound

Bloodhound

Bluetick Coonhound

Borzoi

Cirneco dell’Etna

Dachshund

English Foxhound

Grand Basset Griffon Vendéen

Greyhound

Harrier

Ibizan Hound

Irish Wolfhound

Norrbottenspets (Misscellaneous)

Norwegian Elkhound

Otterhound

Peruvian Inca Orchid (Miscellaneous)

Petit Basset Griffon Vendéen

Pharaoh Hound

Plott

Portuguese Podengo Pequeno

Redbone Coonhound

Rhodesian Ridgeback

Saluki

Scottish Deerhound

Sloughi

Treeing Walker Coonhound

Whippet


The Herding Group

Herding GroupList of Dog Breeds: The Herders

Herding dogs were developed when people began keeping herds or flocks of animals.  Some may have served as both guardian to the herds and as herder (German Shepherd Dogs, Bouviers des Flandres, Briards, Old English Sheepdogs), but the majority of them had a specific job to do

Keep the animals together.  From the beginning until now, shepherds and ranchers tend to lead solitary lives.  They needed help keeping their animals nearby and thus away from predators and danger, but they also wanted a companion.

At first, these dogs were chosen because they had a particular type of predatory instinct  (herd without harming) and their ability to work alone and make decisions independently. 

Later, the group diversified based on their location and type of animals they were expected to herd. 

Small Shetland Sheepdogs were perfect for herding the miniature sheep and horses found in the Shetland Islands off the coast of Scotland.  Australian Cattle dogs were perfect for withstanding the heat of the outback and still surviving the long stock drives.

Each has their own way of keeping sheep and other types of livestock in tightly packed herds.  The Border Collie uses his hypnotic stare.  Others use loud, stern barks.  Almost all use that characteristic nipping at the heels to make their charges obey them.

These original traits that make them perfect for guarding, herding and driving herds of livestock, now make them the ideal candidate for work that is needed today. 

German Shepherds and Belgium Malinois, for example, are sought after as police, military and assistance dogs.  They also perform as search and rescue.  As a group, they have plenty of energy and crave human attention.  They are loyal, territorial, and have a strong chase instinct.  Intelligence, confidence, courage,  and the ability to problem solve may be the traits that set them apart from other groups of dogs.  They are obedient, but may disobey a command if it means doing something that they know must be done.

List of Dog Breeds:  Herders

Australian Cattle Dog

Australian Shepherd

Bearded Collie

Beauceron

Belgian Laekenois  (Miscellaneous)

Belgian Malinois

Belgian Sheepdog

Belgian Tervuren

Bergamasco

Berger Picard

Border Collie

Bouvier des Flandres

Briard

Canaan Dog

Cardigan Welsh Corgi

Collie

Entelburcher Mountain Dog

Finnish Lapphund

German Shepherd Dog

Icelandic Sheepdog

Miniature American Shepherd

Norwegian Buhund

Old English Sheepdog

Pembroke Welsh Corgi

Polish Lowland Sheepdog

Puli

Pumi (Miscellaneous)

Pyrenean Sheperd

Shetland Sheepdog

Spanish Water Dog

Swedish Vallhund

Missing from this List of Dog Breeds

Now, there is a chance we haven't listed your favorite breed, but the reason is that your breed is not currently recognized by the American Kennel Club.  That doesn't make it less important, so if you don't see your breed, may I suggest you visit our alphabetical lists of dog breeds.  They might be there, but if not, send me a note.


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