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Neapolitan Mastiff

The Neapolitan Mastiff:  A formidable, devoted protector for the experienced owner

Neopolitan Mastiff

Picture courtesy of midgardkennels.wordpress.com

Personality And Temperament

Neapolitan Mastiff's are truly impressive dogs! Massive, heavy set and a little bizarre looking, these huge protective dogs are not to be messed with!

They need a huge amount of space indoors due to their sizable bodies and, puppies particularly, are very clumsy.

They may prefer living outdoors provided they have a large, safe, enclosed garden with a big, warm, comfortable kennel to shelter in. Care should be taken to provide a shaded area for them too as they can overheat pretty easily.

They are messy eaters, loud snorers, excessive droolers and suffer greatly from flatulence!

Neapolitan Mastiff on a beachNeapolitan Mastiff

Although Neapoliatan's are protective of their family, which includes any children, they are not recommended as family pets.

They can knock over small children, hurt older children without meaning to and are suspicious of any visiting children who they don't recognise no matter how much socialisation they've been given.

They may display aggression to other dogs especially dogs of the same sex although they can be relatively tolerant of other household pets provided they are raised together.

Not suitable for apartments, inexperienced owners, families with children, multi-dog households,the elderly/infirm or hot climates.

Any trespassers (human, canine or other) can expect to be chased off a property when there's a Neapolitan around!

Breed History

The Neapolitan Mastiff descended from the Molossus, a now extinct Greek/Roman type of Mastiff dog which is in the ancestry of many other "modern" breeds such as Saint Bernard's, Great Swiss Mountain Dog and the Rottweiler.

Neapolitan Mastiff Head

This type of dog was well known in Rome where it was used in Gladiatorial fighting and in war.

By the end of World War II, the Neapolitan Mastiff was virtually extinct.  They were saved at the eleventh hour by Piero Scanziani.

Piero was an Italian painter who searched out and gathered various specimens of dogs.  He then put together  to make the Nea's a formal breed.

They were introduced to the UK and US in the 1970s and continue to rise in popularity each year.

Vital Statistics

  • Height:  61- 74 cm (24 - 29 inches)
  • Weight: 50 - 70kgs (110 - 154lbs)
  • Life Expectancy: 8 - 10 yrs

Colours:

  • Blue (grey)
  • Black
  • Brown (ranging from fawn to mahogany)
  • Cream
  • Brindle
  • May have a white star on chest area and/or white toes

Ease Of Training

Neapolitan Mastiff's need a lot of training. They are stubborn and head-strong and dislike being told what to do as they are independent thinkers. 

However, they are intelligent so perseverance and patience will eventually pay off.

Training is crucial and totally necessary as a dog of this size and disposition needs to be under control at all times.

They need extension socialisation from an early age otherwise they become overly suspicious of strangers.

This can eventually become disastrous due to their huge size and strength.


Training using positive methods such as reward based training works best for these dogs. Using dominance or violence to try to train them will only bring out their more aggressive side so is NOT recommended.

As for exercise, these massive dogs don't require a huge amount as they are so large and heavy that they have very little stamina. However, they do have short bursts of energy every so often.

Excessive exercise can cause a strain on their joints and puppies under a year old need limited exercise to avoid damage to growing bones.

Protection

These huge formidable dogs are fantastic protectors - in fact, they can be a bit too over-protective if care is not taken to socialise them properly.

They will fight to the end to protect their owners and property. 

Neapolitan's rarely bark, instead they prefer to sneak up on any intruders without any warning.

Grooming

Nea's are pretty low maintenance when it comes to grooming. Their short hair needs little more than a quick occasional brush. 

They moult twice a year and may require a bit more grooming than usual during this time.

An area which does require a bit more attention are in between the folds of their skin. This area needs regular cleaning and drying to stop infections.

Health Considerations

Neapolitan Mastiff's have been known to suffer from ailments such as:

  • Excessive drooling
  • Flatulence
  • Snoring
  • Heatstroke
  • Skin infections between the skin folds
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Sebaceous adenitis
  • Ectropion
  • Entropion
  • Hip And Elbow Dysplasia
  • Bloating 
  • Eyelid Disorders
  • Cherry Eye
  • Lack Of Thyroid Hormone
  • Panosteitis (growing pains from 4-18 months

They have a very high pain threshold so it may not always be obvious when they are injured or hurt so they should be checked regularly.

Famous Neapolitan Mastiffs

Alan - From "Babe - A Pig In The City"

Fang - Harry Potter Films

Sweetie - From the Butch Karp Novels

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